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 Table of Contents  
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-33

Corona virus disease 2019 pandemic: Necessity for active engagement of the private sector


1 Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication28-May-2020

Correspondence Address:
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu - 603 108
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/dmr.dmr_6_20

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  Abstract 


The ongoing Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has gone beyond the capacity and capability of the public health sector and will essentially require significant support from various sectors for eventually coming out victorious against this novel viral infection. Here arises the role of private health sector, which needs to work in collaboration with the national Governments to bridge the existing lacunae and help the community and the nation at large. As the disease has already affected directly or indirectly millions of human lives across the world, the involvement of the private sector can significantly enhance the range of innovations, production and delivery of the required essentials in these times of public health emergency. In conclusion, the private sector has a crucial role to enhance the resilience of the health system and the time has come when they should work hand-in-hand with the government authorities to maximize the availability of the desired logistics and come out with innovative ways to fight the global battle against COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, private sector, World Health Organization


How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Corona virus disease 2019 pandemic: Necessity for active engagement of the private sector. Dent Med Res 2020;8:32-3

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Corona virus disease 2019 pandemic: Necessity for active engagement of the private sector. Dent Med Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Jul 14];8:32-3. Available from: http://www.dmrjournal.org/text.asp?2020/8/1/32/285213




  Introduction Top


The ongoing corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has gone beyond the capacity and capability of the public health sector and will essentially require significant support from the private sector for eventually coming out victorious against this novel viral infection. The global estimates depict that 1,133,758 cases and 62,784 deaths have been reported since the start of the outbreak and the case fatality rate has increased to 5.5%.[1] It is indeed an alarming fact that in a single day 82,061 cases has been reported worldwide, of which the United States of America alone has accounted for 32,105 cases(39%).[1] It is worth noting that four nations(viz., the United States, Spain, Italy, and Germany) have gone beyond the caseload reported in the entire 3 months, suggesting a rapid upsurge in the number of cases.[1]

Need of involving private sector

The epidemiological trends from across the world suggest that quality of life has been affected, thousands of people have lost their lives, the health systems have been outstretched, health-care professionals are working beyond their capacity, and there has been a shortage of essential equipment.[2] In the global fight against the COVID 19 infection, there is an immense need to intensify our response and it has become quite obvious that government health sector alone will not be able to meet the rising needs of the people.[2] Here arises the role of private health sector, which needs to work in collaboration with the national governments to bridge the existing lacunae and help the community and the nation at large.[3] Further, the role of nongovernmental agencies and other welfare agencies is extremely crucial in hard-to-reach areas and the temporary settings (viz., refugees, migrants, and camps).[3]

Scope of private sector in COVID-19 response

As the disease has already affected directly or indirectly millions of human lives across the world, the involvement of the private sector can significantly enhance the range of innovations, production and delivery of the required essentials (viz., rapid diagnostic kits, personal protective equipment, and ventilators) in these times of public health emergency.[2],[3],[4] For instance, in India, a private laboratory manufactured the first diagnostic kit in Pune and was approved for nation-wide usage and till date in India alone, 56 private laboratories have been approved to perform the diagnostic test to reduce the testing load on the health sector.[4],[5]

In other words, the active engagement of the private sector can improve the timely access to quality assured care, laboratory tests, personal protective equipment, and even play an important role in transportation of samples, providing technological assistance to the government, creating awareness about the disease and in contact tracing, if the need arises.[3],[5] These private firms can even go ahead and play an important role in the identification of a potent therapeutic drug or an effective vaccine. However, it is very important that the quality of the developed products should meet international standards for better outcomes.[3]


  Conclusion Top


In conclusion, the private sector has a crucial role to enhance the resilience of the health system and the time has come when they should work hand-in-hand with the government authorities to maximize the availability of the desired logistics and come out with innovative ways to fight the global battle against COVID-19 pandemic.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Orgaization. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 76; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200405-sitrep-76-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=6ecf0977_2. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 06].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
World Health Organization. 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019 nCoV): Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan. Geneva: WHO Press; 2020. p. 1-20.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
World Health Organization. PAHO Director Calls for Private Sector Cooperation in COVID-19 Response in the Americas; 2020. Available from: https://paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&dview=article andid=15770:paho-director-calls-for-private-sector-cooperation- in-covid-19-response-in-the-americasandcatid=740&lang= en&Itemid= 1926. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 06].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
The Print. Meet the Pune Woman behind theFirst Indian Covid-19 Testing Kits; 2020. Available from: https://theprint.in/india/meet-the-pune- woman-behind-the- first-indian-covid-19-testing-kits/390340/.[Last accessed on 2020 Apr 06].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
COVID India. Testing – List of Govt. Approved Labs for COVID-19 Testing; 2020. Available from: https://covidindia.org/testing/. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 06].  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

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