• Users Online: 171
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Contacts Login 


 
 Table of Contents  
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-81

Corona virus disease 2019 pandemic: Strengthening of the health system and mounting an effective public health response


1 Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission09-Jul-2020
Date of Decision14-Jul-2020
Date of Acceptance21-Jul-2020
Date of Web Publication23-Sep-2020

Correspondence Address:
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpaet District - 603 108, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/dmr.dmr_36_20

Rights and Permissions
  Abstract 


The Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak initiated with a cluster of pneumonia cases in the Wuhan city and subsequently accounted for a significant caseload in China. The COVID-19 pandemic should not deviate us from the efforts required for the public health authorities to effectively contain the spread of the infection. It is worth noticing that the spread and distribution of the disease has not been uniform, with most of the affected nations have not reported very high number of cases. This is an opportunity for the nations to strengthen their outbreak readiness and emergency response to the outbreak of the disease. In conclusion, the heterogeneous distribution of COVID-19 has given opportunities for the public health authorities to mount a coordinated and concerted response. The need of the hour is to strengthen health systems and implement strategies based on the local case scenario and actively engage the whole of community in the entire response.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Health system, World Health Organization


How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Corona virus disease 2019 pandemic: Strengthening of the health system and mounting an effective public health response. Dent Med Res 2020;8:80-1

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Corona virus disease 2019 pandemic: Strengthening of the health system and mounting an effective public health response. Dent Med Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Oct 27];8:80-1. Available from: https://www.dmrjournal.org/text.asp?2020/8/2/80/295867




  Introduction Top


The Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak initiated with a cluster of pneumonia cases in the Wuhan city and subsequently accounted for a significant caseload in China. Further, owing to the potential of the novel virus to get transmitted to other nations at a rapid pace, the disease was declared as Public Health Emergency of International Concern.[1] However, the risk and the spread of the virus did not reduce despite the efforts of the national health authorities, and thus, the global risk of transmission has been categorized as very high.[1],[2] In fact, as on 6 July 2020, a total of 1,166,9259 cases and 539,906 deaths have been reported across the 216 nations and territories which have reported COVID-19 cases.[3]

Ground reality

The COVID-19 pandemic should not deviate us from the efforts required from the public health authorities to effectively contain the spread of the infection. We have to remember that more than two-third of the reported cases in China till date have been treated and they are back to their normal routine.[3] It is worth noticing that the spread and distribution of the disease has not been uniform, with most of the affected nations have not reported very high number of cases. This is an opportunity for the nations to strengthen their outbreak readiness and emergency response to the outbreak of the disease. Moreover, the imposition of lockdown in some of the nations has given a second window of opportunity to the program managers to ameliorate their response and be ready for a large-scale community transmission.[1],[3]

Strengthening of the health system

In other words, different affected nations are experiencing different scenarios and thus we have to understand that and come out with a customized response.[2],[4] However, the real determinant of the fate of the disease in the nation will be defined by the promptness of the response, being prepared to deal with the infection and ensuring that we aim for both mitigation as well as effective containment of the infection.[2],[4] Our ultimate aim is to stop the transmission and prevent the spread of the causative agent, and this will essentially require sustained political commitment and strengthening of the risk communication, early case detection, community engagement, behavioral modifications at population level, contact tracing, infection prevention and control, laboratory support, appropriate treatment of the affected individuals, and maintenance of the supply chain for logistics.[4],[5]


  Conclusion Top


In conclusion, the heterogeneous distribution of COVID-19 has given opportunities for the public health authorities to mount a coordinated and concerted response. The need of the hour is to strengthen health systems and implement strategies based on the local case scenario and actively engage the whole of community in the entire response.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Cohen J, Kupferschmidt K. Strategies shift as coronavirus pandemic looms. Science 2020;367:962-3.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
World Health Organization. World Health Organization Director-General's Opening Remarks at the Media Briefing on COVID-19-9 March 2020; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the- media-briefing-on-covid-19--9-March-2020. [Last accessed on 2020 Jul 7].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
World Health Organization. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 170; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200708-covid-19-sitrep-170.pdf?sfvrsn=bca86036_2. [Last accessed on 2020 Jul 7].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Lee A. Wuhan novel coronavirus (COVID-19): Why Global Control is Challenging? Public Health 2020;179:A1-2.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
World Health Organization. 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV): Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan. Geneva: World Health Organization Press; 2019. p. 1-20.  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

 
  In this article
Abstract
Introduction
Conclusion
References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed80    
    Printed4    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded13    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


[TAG2]
[TAG3]
[TAG4]