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   2015| January-June  | Volume 3 | Issue 1  
    Online since January 21, 2015

 
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding preventive options in oral care among dentists in Davangere city, Karnataka: A cross-sectional study
VH Sushanth, Dheeraj D Kalra, Naveen P. G. Kumar, GM Prashant, Purvi Bhate, Mohammed Imranulla
January-June 2015, 3(1):20-25
DOI:10.4103/2348-1471.149582  
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to assess current status of knowledge and attitude regarding preventive options in oral care among dentists in Davangere city, Karnataka, India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was adopted to carry out the study among 97 practising dentists in the city. Data on preventive options in oral care was collected by means of 26 self-administered knowledge-, attitude-, and practice-based questions. Microsoft excel and Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) software were used for statistical analysis of the data collected. Statistical evaluation was done by Chi-square test. Results: Among 97 respondents, 91 (93.80%) were aware of preventive dentistry and 88 (90.7%) were aware that initial lesions can be remineralized. Forty-eight (49.5%) of the respondents were aware that Casein Phosphopeptide and 93 (95.90%) were aware that tooth mousse can be used as remineralizing agent. A total of 53.95% respondents correctly answered the knowledge-based questions. Statistically significant differences were found (P < 0.05) between variables like professional reading and responses. There were no associations found between gender, age, practice location, years of experience, practice type, and participation in continuing dental education programs. Conclusions: The result of this study demonstrated the need to increase the emphasis on preventive dentistry education. It alarms the need to carry out a continuing dental education programs for practising dentists in order to update dentists' knowledge and attitude regarding preventive dental care .
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Oral health status of 5, 12, and 15-year-old school children in Tiruvalla, Kerala, India
Benley George, Vinod Mathew Mulamoottil
January-June 2015, 3(1):15-19
DOI:10.4103/2348-1471.149576  
Background: Dental caries can be traced to be as old as civilization with its evidence seen even in skeletal remnants of prehistoric humans. Dental caries is the most prevalent dental affliction of childhood. Materials and Methods: A stratified cluster sampling technique was employed in the selection of 39 schools in the geographical region. A total of 5688 students was screened. Of the total students screened, 1623 students were 5-year-old, 1936 were 12-year-old and 2129 were 15-year-old students. Pearson Chi-square test and Fishers exact test were the statistical tests employed in the survey. The level of significance was set to be P < 0.05. Results: The present study revealed that the majority (73.9%) of the 12 years students had healthy gingiva. It was revealed that among girls, 21.8% had calculus, and 2.5% had bleeding gums. Among boys, 24.3% had calculus, and 3.1% had bleeding gums. The prevalence of dental caries was the highest among 5 years students who belonged to the lower socioeconomic status (41.5%). The difference was found to be statistically significant (P = 0.004). The mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth was found to be the highest in students of 5 years age group when compared to their counterparts (P = 0.041). Conclusion: The study reveals that dental caries still remains as a major oral health problem among school children of all age group. Gingival problems also formed one of the major oral health problems of 12 and 15-year-old school children.
  4,204 546 1
REVIEW ARTICLE
Rely-X unicem self-adhesive universal resin cement
Saleh Zidan, Syed Wali Peeran, Karthikeyan Ramalingam
January-June 2015, 3(1):3-7
DOI:10.4103/2348-1471.149561  
There is an expansive usage of adhesives in all branches of dentistry. Newer adhesives can be more beneficial to the patients. This review attempts to highlight the important features of adhesive cements in general and emphasize the applications of Rely-X Unicem cement.
  3,666 463 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Knowledge and attitudes of libyan dental students about HIV/AIDS infection and HIV-positive patients
Syed Wali Peeran, PG Naveen Kumar, Karthikeyan Ramalingam, Syed Ali Peeran, Nureldeen Abdel Jawad N Elhammali, Ahmed Elhassan, Fatma Mojtaba Alsaid
January-June 2015, 3(1):8-14
DOI:10.4103/2348-1471.149566  
Introduction: Though the possibility of contracting infection from human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) infected patient is very slim, dental professionals show high reluctance to treat such patients. Their attitude and behavior is a reflection of their understanding about the disease. Aim: The aim of the survey was to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of dental students toward HIV/acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS), oral indicators, ethical aspects of its treatment, and their inclination to treat HIV/AIDS patients. This is the first attempt of such evaluation among Libyan students to the best of our knowledge. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted as a cross-sectional survey using a questionnaire among 101 dental students comprising 3 rd year, the final year and BDS interns in Faculty of Dentistry, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya. The results were analyzed for statistical significance using SPSS version 17.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results and Discussion: The response rate to the questionnaire was 100%. Statistical significant correlations were observed in attitudes toward the curriculum, modes of transmission, treatment of HIV-infected patient, information of HIV status to patients, rights to reject treatment of infected patients, stress on treating and resuscitation of such patients. Conclusion: Our study reflects the knowledge status and positive attitude of Libyan students toward management of HIV. Sincere efforts should be made to improve the modes of educating the students about the HIV infection and its dental implications.
  2,993 377 -
CASE REPORT
A simple and efficient grid for accurate orthodontic implant placement
Dilip N Kumar, Krishna B. R Gopal, Naveen Shamnur, K Mithun
January-June 2015, 3(1):26-28
DOI:10.4103/2348-1471.149584  
Mini implant has been the major tool in anchorage management in present era. Accurate positioning of mini implant is critical due to the anatomical limitation and biomechanical utility of the implant. Currently several grids and guides are in use for the same purpose. The objective of the present article is to describe the fabrication of a simple grid for accurate positioning of orthodontic implants with minimal armaterium.
  2,699 350 -
EDITORIAL
Biocompatibility of materials for dental application
Lucas da Fonseca Roberti Garcia
January-June 2015, 3(1):1-2
DOI:10.4103/2348-1471.149558  
  2,150 269 -
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